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Obesity Impacts:

Quality of Life, Well-being, and Work Productivity

Obesity Impairs Psychological Well-being

Obesity leads to1:

Lower self-esteem

Higher body image
dissatisfaction

Body shape concerns

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Self-esteem

Self-esteem is lower in women considered overweight or obese compared with women with standard BMI1,a,b

Body Image Dissatisfaction

Each increase in BMI category increases body image dissatisfaction1,a,c

Body Shape Concerns

Body shape concerns are higher in women considered overweight and increase further in women with obesity1,a,d

Individuals who are overweight or obese may experience weight stigma2

There are a variety of consequences associated with experiencing weight stigma, including:

Poor body image and greater likelihood of psychiatric disorders, including a major depressive episode2,3

Increase in calories consumed and avoidance of exercise4,5

BMI = body mass index (kg/m2)

aOrthogonal contrasts using linear regression adjusting for age and treatment group; women with obesity or considered overweight are compared with women considered standard weight.
bComparisons between normal weight and overweight or obese; P<0.001.
cComparisons between normal weight and overweight or obese, non-obese and obese, and obesity I and obesity II; P<0.001.
dComparisons between normal weight and overweight or obese and non-obese and obese; P<0.001.

1. Vieira PN et al. Obes Facts. 2012;5(6):795-805. 2. Puhl RM et al. Clin Diabetes. 2016;34(1):44-50. 3. Hatzenbuehler ML et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2009;17(11):2033-2039. 4. Schvey NA et al. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011;19(10):1957-1962. 5. Vartanian LR and Novak SA. Obesity (Silver Spring). 2011;19(4):757-762.

Obesity Impairs Health-Related Quality of Life

Obesity leads to1:

Lower weight-related
quality of life

Lower physical health-related
quality of life

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Weight-Related HRQoL

Each increase in BMI category decreases weight-related quality of lifea,b

HRQoL: Physical Health

Physical health-related quality of life is lower in women with obesity compared with non-obese womena,c

HRQoL: Mental Health

Mental health scores are similar across weight groups

BMI = body mass index (kg/m2); HRQoL = health-related quality of life.

aOrthogonal contrasts using linear regression adjusting for age and treatment group; women with obesity or considered overweight are compared with women considered standard weight.
bComparisons between normal weight and overweight or obese, non-obese and obese, and class I obesity and class II obesity; P<0.001.
cComparison between non-obese and obese; P=0.001.

Vieira PN et al. Obes Facts. 2012;5:795-805.

Obesity-Related Complications Impact the Ability to Work

Obesity with comorbid
conditions leads toa:

Greater work
productivity loss

Higher absenteeism
and presenteeism

Greater activity
impairment

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Work Productivity/Activity Impairment Scoresb,c

With each additional comorbidity, mean scores across each measure increase

BMI = body mass index (kg/m2)

aOverweight or obese individuals (BMI >27 kg/m2) with 1, 2, or 3 related complications, compared with overweight or obese individuals (BMI >27 kg/m2) with 0 complications.bData obtained from the 2006 National Health and Wellness Survey; analysis specific to work productivity was limited to respondents <65 years of age and employed full-time.
cData show self-reported work productivity and activity impairment scores among overweight or obese individuals (BMI >27 kg/m2) with 0, 1, 2, or 3 related complications.
dObesity-related complications include type 2 diabetes (T2D), hypertension, and high cholesterol.

Kannan H et al. J Occup Environ Med. 2008;50(5):542-549.

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